This can be seen in “The lack of hope triggers social cathartic conflicts”: http://www.theoryofevolution.net/blog/the-lack-of-hope-triggers-social-cathartic-conflicts/
This explosion or implosion happens making all the members feel guilty because of their incapacity to find solutions to integrate their fellows.
As guilt is a feeling that cannot be borne, it is transformed into an extreme anxiety first, and then into hate at the end, in order to allow individuals to adapt.
Guerrilla wars are fundamentalist wars
Guerrilla wars require a high level of hate in order to legitimate the killing of fellows. External wars happen in order to obtain a booty, whatever the kind. But booties are illegitimate in civil wars. Therefore “hate” is needed to legitimate booties in civil guerrilla wars. But, on the other hand, hate also makes them extremely irrational.
Addictions are a natural response to an uncertain environment in which a person feels hopeless, impotent and without identity.
When these conditions are given, individuals enter the shelter of addictions.
Addictions help to deal with these self-destructive feeling in a paradoxical way. While the individual is installed in the parallel world s/he feels fulfilled, but, after returning to the real world, s/he feels worse than before and the need for addictive stimuli rises.
On the one hand, the rebels need to build a parallel reality based on their utopia. On the other hand, the establishment enters into a parallel reality to solve a conflict they cannot deal with in a rational way.
Fundamentalism is an addiction with many benefits
- It creates a real world to live in which appears to be the parallel world one is seeking.
- It creates social bonds among the members of the group sharing the same belief.
- It generates or empowers the development of a micro-cosmos in which addicts feel free of addictions and the self-destruction is deviated towards “the rest of the world”.
Considering the level of self-destruction or destruction, four segments can be characterized:
- Pleasure addictions: providing instants of extreme pleasure.
- Rational/spiritual addictions: providing the sensation of absolute empowerment.
- Suicidal addictions: providing the power of “dancing” beyond human limits.
- Terrorist addictions: providing the power of feeling God.
Stagnated hopelessness fosters guerrilla wars in extremely individualistic countries that lack institutionalization and therefore cannot have a conservative/liberal alternation.
The level of institutionalization can be measured in the separation between the Government and the State of a country and the “social sanction” for illegal behavior of individuals.
In highly institutionalized countries hopelessness drives towards a marginal violent behavior that works as a catharsis until the alternation conservatism/liberalism provides a solution.
Legitimacy is all what matters to overcome the wounds of civil wars.