Comprehending a problem requires being able to emulate its functionality in mind. To emulate a problem in mind it is necessary to have a sound knowledge of all the operational and structural aspects that make it work. But a problem can only be truly understood when the individual has an actual solution in mind.
Comprehending is the stage that precedes action. When a problem has been comprehended, action becomes a simple step that materializes what has been emulated in mind. The thinking process of Nikola Tesla can be considered a role model to be followed.
Emulation requires building a homologous reality in mind that needs to have the same concept of the actual external problem.
It also requires being able to envision reality from a functional point of view while experiencing it. Envisioning implies seeing the positive functionality of a solution. People who see “the glass half empty” cannot deal with solutions.
Cause-effect relationships can easily be emulated. That is why the understanding of systemic entities, which may become complicated because of the quantity of variables involved, is essentially simple because dualistic thinking is functional to build the emulation.
But complex problems, that include no cause-effect relationships, have to be considered as unified fields, that require the use of the double dialectical logic in order to emulate them.
NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems.