Unicist Theory of Evolution

The Law of the Double Pendulum of Adaptive Systems’ Evolution

The evolution of adaptive systems is governed by the law of the double pendulum, which defines the stage of a system and the needs that drive it toward the next stage.

The functionality of adaptive systems of any kind, whether living beings or artificial systems, is sustained by fulfilling four basic drivers at an operational level: expansion, contraction, security, and freedom.

This law was discovered and formalized by Peter Belohlavek at The Unicist Research Institute.

The Law of the Double Pendulum

The behavior of adaptive systems oscillates, with varying frequency, between expansion and contraction, and simultaneously between security and freedom, which drive the evolution of a system.

These drivers regulate the evolution of an adaptive system based on a double pendulum between expansion and contraction and between freedom and security.

The pendulum between expansion and contraction is exclusive, while the pendulum between freedom and security is inclusive, meaning that both coexist based on different values.

When the level of freedom increases, it immediately generates a requirement for security; when the level of security increases, it also generates a need for freedom. This dynamic causes the functionality of systems to evolve toward either evolution or involution. At an essential level, these principles operate differently.

Two complementary functionalities are needed to establish a stable system. On the one hand, there is an expansive function where the active function is driven by freedom, and an energy conservation function driven by security.

On the other hand, there is a contractive function where the active function is also driven by freedom, and the energy conservation function is driven by security. The double pendulum between expansion and contraction works continuously, transforming the functionality of the system into a fuzzy set that is continuously evolving.

When dealing with the intrinsic functionality of an adaptive system, the amplitude of the evolution tends to be minimal. When dealing with the extrinsic functionality, which addresses the use value of an adaptive system, the amplitude is broader.

The evolution of any adaptive system is driven by this double pendulum, which must be managed when there is a need to introduce changes in the system.

The Unicist Research Institute

Artificial Intelligence Interpretations:

ChatGPT Interpretation

The “Law of the Double Pendulum” in the context of adaptive systems is a theoretical framework describing how such systems evolve and function. This law uses the metaphor of a double pendulum to illustrate the dynamic and complex interplay between four primary drivers: expansion, contraction, security, and freedom. Here’s a breakdown of how this law applies to adaptive systems:

  1. Dual Pendulums:
    • Expansion and Contraction: This pendulum swings between expansion, which involves growth and extension, and contraction, which involves consolidation and reduction. This interaction is described as exclusive, meaning each state predominates alternately.
    • Freedom and Security: This pendulum swings between freedom, which allows for innovation and change, and security, which ensures stability and safety. Unlike the first pendulum, this interaction is inclusive, suggesting that both freedom and security can coexist and are mutually reinforcing.
  2. Dynamics of the Drivers:
    • When freedom increases, it naturally leads to a greater demand for security to manage the risks associated with new changes or freedoms.
    • Conversely, when security is heightened, there tends to be a resultant drive toward increasing freedom, possibly as a response to the constraints that security measures impose.
  3. Functionality and Evolution:
    • The law posits two complementary functionalities necessary for a stable system: an expansive function driven by freedom and an energy conservation function driven by security. These functions help manage the balance between growth and sustainability.
    • The system’s functionality is described as evolving continuously, forming a fuzzy set that is never static but always adapting and shifting.
  4. Amplitude of Evolution:
    • Intrinsic functionality, which concerns the core operations of an adaptive system, tends to have minimal amplitude in its evolution, suggesting subtle and gradual changes.
    • Extrinsic functionality, related to how the system is utilized or its utility value, shows broader amplitude, indicating more significant shifts and changes based on external demands or applications.
  5. Management of Change:
    • The evolution of adaptive systems, driven by these pendulums, requires careful management, particularly when changes need to be introduced. Understanding and influencing the balance and interaction between expansion, contraction, freedom, and security are crucial to guiding the system’s evolution effectively.

This conceptual model provides a useful lens for examining how adaptive systems (both biological and artificial) manage change and maintain functionality over time, balancing growth with stability and innovation with security.


Research: The Unicist Theory integrates the Macrocosmos and the Microcosmos

An international research consortium is being organized to confirm the hypothesis that the unicist theory is the integrator of the macrocosmos and the microcosmos. The purpose of this theory is to provide a framework to forecast the evolution of adaptive entities considering their restricted and wide contexts.

The Unicist Theory explains the evolution and dynamics of complex adaptive entities, whether they are natural entities or artificial entities. This theory is based on the discovery of the triadic structure of the ontogenetic intelligence of nature, which drove to a universal application. Access a synthesis of the theory: https://www.unicist-school.org/complexity-sciences/unicist-theory/

This theory describes the universal structure of the unified field in nature that is applicable to all complex adaptive entities, whatever their kind. It needs to be considered that the unified field has a triadic structure that is homologous to the structure of the ontogenetic intelligence of nature. Unicist concept was the name given to this triadic structure.

The Macrocosmos

The structure of unicist concepts allows defining the structure of the evolution of nature (living beings), of the universe and of any complex adaptive system or environment. It emulates the functionality, dynamics and evolution of any adaptive environment, whatever its quality. Access the Unicist Library: https://www.unicist.com/flexpaper/flex-files/collection-unicist-r-and-d/unicist_ontology_evolution_en5_b/

The structures of the concepts define the positive potential energy that is implicit in the objects that integrate these concepts, which define the energy of the double dialectical actions that can be seen in the expansion of the universe and the gravitational force that sustains this expansion.

These two functions are homologous with the active and entropic function and the energy conservation function of the unicist evolutionary approach.

The Microcosmos

The credibility or functionality zone behaves like a “micro-cosmos”. Its functionality is compatible and homologous to what is known as quantum mechanics.
Access the Unicist Library: https://www.unicist.com/flexpaper/flex-files/general/wp_unicist_mechanics_en/

While the active function works as “waves”, the energy conservation function works as “particles”.

  1. A particle is an object which is sub-atomic and has a definite mass and charge.
  2. A wave is a disturbance that propagates through space and time, usually with transference of energy.

This implies that a given reality works as “waves and particles”.


The format of this research project fully depends on the participants of the research project. Until the end of this year, The Unicist Research Institute expects to find associates to integrate a physicist, a biologist, a mathematician and an epistemologist that have an extreme level of abstraction capacity and are active in this field or a homologous field. There will also be a group of volunteers participating in the destructive testing processes.
Access the Unicist Root Cause Library: https://www.unicist.com/

Unicist Press Committee


The unicist theory expanded the boundaries of sciences

Unicist Complexity ResearchThe unicist theory expanded the frontiers of sciences making the scientific approach to complex adaptive systems possible without needing to use arbitrary palliatives to transform complex systems into systemic systems in order to be able to research them.

Paradoxically this is a breakthrough and a back to basics. On the one hand it is a breakthrough because it changed the paradigms of scientific research. On the other hand it is a back to basics because it drives sciences to deal with the nature of reality.

The unicist logical approach opened the possibilities of managing complexity sciences using a pragmatic, structured and functionalist approach:

The unicist approach to complexity is based on the research of the unicist ontological structure of a complex adaptive system which regulates its evolution. This is based on emulating the structure of the unicist ontogenetic intelligence of nature considering that every functional aspect of reality has a unique unicist ontological structure.

The approach to ontological structures of reality requires going beyond the dualistic thinking approach and being able to use the double dialectical logic to approach complex adaptive systems.

The research in complexity science needs to have its own format for its presentation that has a structural difference with the papers for systemic sciences (abstract, introduction, materials and methods, discussion, literature). It has to be considered that:

1) A complex system has open boundaries which implies that the experiences cannot be reproduced they can only be emulated in homologous fields.

2) Having open boundaries there is no possibility of building artificial experiences to research a complex adaptive system.

3) As it has open boundaries it cannot be observed. The observers are part of the system. This implies that a peer review can only be made based on the use of destructive tests in homologous fields.

4) The conditions of the environment change, (No one can bathe twice in the same river – Heraclitus) which means that an apparently same experience might produce different results.

5) The elements of a complex adaptive system are integrated by the conjunction “and” with multiple bi-univocal relationships. Therefore there are no univocal cause-effect relationships; this implies that the only valid measurable aspects are the results obtained.

6) Predictions of results and measurement of the achievements are the way the validity of the knowledge of the structure of a complex adaptive system is confirmed.

7) The discussions with other opinions are meaningless because complex adaptive systems have open boundaries and only its application allows confirming the knowledge obtained.

8) Multiple real applications in different homologous and analogous fields, preceded by a prediction of the results that will be obtained, need to be done to confirm the knowledge of a complex adaptive system.

9) The method of the research is in the application itself which has to correspond to the field of activity of the complex adaptive system.

The research work

As researchers are part of any complex adaptive system that is being researched, a unicist reflection process is needed to develop the process. This implies a full involvement of the researcher in the system following an action-reflection-action process to find the unicist ontological structure that regulates the evolution of the complex adaptive system.

The presentation of the knowledge of complex adaptive systems includes two different levels of information:

a) The abstract: which includes the discoveries of the unicist ontological structures and the ontogenetic maps written in unicist standard language

b) The research process: which describes the research process

The basic steps of the research process are:

1) Develop the hypothetical structure of the ontology.

2) Analyze the ontology and divide it into sub-ontologies following the laws of complementation and supplementation (only when necessary and possible).

3) Define observable results that need to be considered to validate the ontology.

4) Define the application fields of the ontology to validate its functionality.

5) Develop the applications beginning with destructive and non-destructive pilot tests to forecast reality.

6) Develop at least five experiences in the application field differing completely one from the other.

7) Develop forecasts of at least three periods with full certainty.

8) Restart the research process every time a deviation occurs.


It becomes evident that the field of researching complex adaptive systems is for doers, who assumed the responsibility for results and have the necessary inner freedom to emulate in mind adaptive systems that are in motion. The use of the knowledge does not require knowing how it was produced.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized world-class research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. http://www.unicist.org


Double Dialectical Thinking to deal with triadic structures

The unicist ontogenetic intelligence of nature defines that every living being has a purpose, an active principle and an energy conservation principle.

To approach a reality integrated by three elements with a dualistic mind it is necessary to consider it as a dualistic integration of binary elements. To perceive dialectics it is necessary to have a high abstraction capacity.

Those who do not have the abstraction capacity consider the dialectical behavior based on observable facts of reality. They cannot differentiate essential correlations from cause-effect relations.

The Unicist Dialectics allows dealing with human adaptive systems managing the integration of their double dialectical behavior.

With this double dialectical approach (purpose – active function, purpose – energy conservation function) one can understand the structure of an adaptive system and its evolution.

Unicist Dialectics is based on the emulation of adaptive systems, emulating the ontogenetic intelligence of nature (purpose, active principle, energy conservation principle).

Its application to human adaptive systems made the emulation of individual, institutional and social evolution possible.

Individuals who have the necessary functional intelligence and the will to add value to an environment, and are able to see the double dialectics, develop two different actions to ensure results: on the one hand, they impulse action and on the other hand, they develop actions to inhibit entropy.

Access a synthesis on the “Discovery of the Homology between the unicist ontological structure, the atomic structure and biology” that is available at the Scientific Dissemination Program. You will find there other syntheses that might be of your interest:

Unicist Press Committee

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in complexity science research and became a global decentralized world-class research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. http://www.unicist.org